Good soil is the foundation of a great garlic crop. Soil should be tested by your local farmers exchange and verified as appropriate for garlic.
Seed should be planted 2" to 3" deep and spaced by 6". Rows should be easy to access, so a dead space should exist between multiple rows of garlic.
Mulch is important for keeping your garlic safe during cold winter months. It also provides a weed barrier in the Summer, as well as a moisture cover.
A high-nitrogen fertilizer is great for your garlic and should be added twice per growing season. Weeds will steal valuable nutrients and need to be removed.
Like weeds, the scapes will rob the garlic bulb of nutrients and stunt growth. They should be removed as soon as they begin to curl and grow heads.
Bulbs can be pulled once the leaves begin to brown. Soil should be removed as much as possible, to allow drying. The entire plant needs to hang 3-4 weeks, until dried.